The Second Affiliated School of New Jiangwan of Fudan University is located in the north of Xinjiangwan, Shanghai. East of the city’s main road Songhu Road, north for Suifenhe Road, west for Hengxue Road, south for Fudan University New Jiangwan Campus. 38,393 square meters of land, a total construction area of 49,800 square meters, according to the precast prefabricated concrete structure system, green building two-star construction. Design difficulties: how to properly solve the contradiction between the small land use environment and the low cost conditions and the demand for high-quality education facilities, and reasonably arrange the building volumes with different functions; How to break through the stereotype of determinant layout in primary and secondary schools and create more dynamic open Spaces?
▼学校鸟瞰，aerial view of the project
The school district is divided into sports area and teaching area according to the east and west directions, so as to reduce the noise influence of Songhu Road on the east side and easily connect the city road on the west side. The building is divided into the primary and secondary school departments according to the south and north directions, which are connected by the general department (office and public laboratory) in central district.
The school has higher requirements on the quantity and quality of educational facilities, such as setting up 500 theaters, 300 lecture halls, multi-functional classrooms, exhibition halls, gymnasiums, 400-meter standard sports fields, etc. In order to save land, different from the usual methods such as “axis symmetry and series connection”, the project adapted to local conditions by adopting the “bow” shape quantity of “overall coherence and space enclosure”, and using the intensive technique to make the layout more compact and the various facilities closely connected. The shape was full of rhythm and completed in one breath.
▼入口鸟瞰，建筑采用弓形体量，布局紧凑，aerial view of the entrance, the architecture is in “bow” shape with compact layout
Enclosing and polycentric
▼入口立面设有点阵图案，image on the facade of the entrance
▼U形入口空间，entrance space in U shape
The continuous “bow” volume enclosed three Spaces: u-shaped main entrance area, northern hall and southern hall. In terms of form, public Spaces such as inner courtyard and middle hall are combined with large space functions to form the core space of each region. In terms of functions, the centralized and hall layout can avoid being affected by the weather, make efficient use of teaching facilities, and conform to the shift system model and diversified educational concepts. In terms of spatial effect, the atrium, ring corridor and steps connect the public places with different heights, forming a multi-center and flexible spatial form.
▼东立面面向体育场，east facade facing the playground
▼连廊下设置面向体育场的看台，spectators stand facing the playground under the corridor on the east
▼室外看台，closer view to the spectator stand
Space and fluctuation
In order to improve the efficiency of land use, the building is divided into lower and upper Spaces to create a multi-level “ground” site in the vertical.
The lower part contains a relatively large stadium, lecture hall and restaurant, etc., which sink into the ground to weaken the building volume and embed three sunken courtyards in order to strive for natural ventilation and evacuation lighting requirements. In the upper part, classrooms, laboratories and offices with high demand for sunlight are arranged, and roofing sites are fully utilized.
▼围合的下沉庭院，enclosed sunken plaz
▼南侧叠落的下沉庭院，terraced sunken plaza on the south
▼主入口共享大厅，public hall at the main entrance
▼共享大厅一侧的阶梯空间，stepped space on one side of the public hall
▼共享大厅采光环廊，corridors surround the main entrance with skylight
▼仰望共享大厅中庭空间，look up to the main atrium
▼共享大厅边的室内活动空间，interior activity space beside the public hall
These new “floors” form fluid Shared Spaces such as the lighting atrium; High large space such as gymnasium, reading room, multifunctional hall; Enclosed courtyard space; Retractable roof garden of each layer; Viewing space such as ladder classroom, theatre, outdoor grandstand. Create a multi-dimensional, free, lively campus environment.
▼南侧小学部采光中厅，atrium of the elementary school area in the south
▼北侧中学部采光中厅，atrium of the middle school area on the north
Structure and facade
The structure is prefabricated concrete system (PC), and repetitive components facilitate the implementation of assembly. There are 3 forms of facade combined with structure: 2 main facades are equipped with horizontal shading components to ensure the uniformity of lighting; The east facade is zigzag with both shading and lighting. Facade materials for the low-cost stone coating, local embellished aluminum curtain wall, with “gray, red” tone collocation. The overall effect is rhythmic, lively and delicate, reflecting the characteristics of assembly but not rigid, in line with the characteristics of primary and secondary school buildings. This is the school project in the prefabricated concrete structure system development direction attempt.
▼预制装配式墙身主立面水平遮阳构件，horizontal sun-shadow construction for the main facade
▼预制装配式墙身立面水平遮阳构件，horizontal sun-shadow construction for other facade
▼兼顾遮阳与采光的锯齿形东立面，zigzag east facade
The architects adopted an intensive overall layout to adapt to the narrow land environment, adopted more personalized architectural space to accommodate more educational facilities, and created a more three-dimensional, vibrant indoor and outdoor environment to enhance the quality of the campus. Under the condition of high density urban construction, The Second Affiliated School of New Jiangwan of Fudan University is a development and exploration of basic education space design.
▼一层平面图，first floor plan
品牌：沪宝 单彩真石漆 LHBS-B4111，前舜铝业 铝合金幕墙11090100 FK85、FN94，品德风尚 木纹地砖6PQ398P
Project name: The Second Affiliated School of New Jiangwan of Fudan University
Design: TongJi Architectural Design (Group) Co.,Ltd.
Design & Completion Year: 2017&2019
Leader designer & Team: Wang Wensheng, Wang Hui, Zhong Qiang，Cheng Yi
Project location: New Jiangwan City, YangPu District, Shanghai
Gross Built Area (square meters): 49800
Photo credits: Ma Yuan
Clients: Shanghai ChengTou (Group) co., LTD., YangPu District Education Bureau
Brands / Products used in the project: Hubao ,single color stone lacquer LHBS-B4111, Qianshun, aluminum alloy curtain wall 11090100 FK85, FN94, Pinde Victorianism Ceramics, wood grain floor tile 6PQ398P