The renovation of an old building, will often encounter a couple of technical challenges such as the structural system, cost control(material pricing) and also the industries standard depending on the type of architecture. On the other hand, the aesthetics and usage of the building play a strong role in our design; but these factors are not just challenges but also a key point on how we choose to approach the design.
▼树影斑驳的博学楼校园内主入口 The main entrance of the Boxue Building on campus with mottled tree shadows. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
The High School Affiliated to Fudan University, established in 1950, grew out of the Speed-up School for Workers and Peasants Affiliated to Fudan University (1953), the Labor High School (1957), and the Preparatory School for Workers and Peasants of Fudan University. The high school, named the High School Affiliated to Fudan University in 1962, is a Shanghai experimental demonstration senior high school under the co-direction of Shanghai Education Commission and Fudan University. As a prestigious school with time-honored history, it has also formed a unique culture of its own, especially the red brick being a hallmark of the age-old academic culture.
▼博学楼入口改造前后对比 Contrast of the main entrance of the Boxue Building before and after renovation ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
To echo the other two “red brick” teaching buildings on campus and cater to its long history and pioneering spirit of the high school, we selected red tapestry bricks as the base and white stone lines among them decorated with dark gray to change the monotonous facade of the teaching building and bring new vitality into this time-honored school. While transforming the facade, we also carried out a micro-renovation of part of the space to enhance the image of the teaching building and improve the user experience; more gray spaces are opened for socializing and more sunlight are introduced in the teaching building to enhance the user experience.
▼绿树成荫下的博学楼（右）和笃志楼（左）；白色线条隔空连续 Boxue Building (right) and Duzhi Building (left) under the shade of green trees; white lines are connected across separated spaces. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
Because of its square shape, the Boxue Building is higher than the nearby Danhua Building in terms of visual experience. White aluminum panels and white square-hole perforated aluminum panels are added to the fourth floor as a line to extend the white lines of the Danhua Building, making the overall image of the south facade uniform and optimized. In addition, the third and fourth floors are highlighted with a mass volume to enhance the facade changes and the 48 air conditioner external unit originally distributed on each floor are placed behind the perforated aluminum panels to make the facade more clean and tidy.
▼校园一隅，博学楼（右）和旦华楼（左） A corner of the campus, Boxue Building (right) and Danhua Building (left) ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
The east facade is the main street-facing facade of Boxue Building, which “communicates” with the surrounding buildings, highlighting the integration of the new and the old languages. The red bricks with a sense of history are used to build a trendy and cascaded facade; and the perforated metal plates go well with the rhythm of the facade while keeping the messy and random arrangement of the air conditioner external unit out of sight.
▼改造后的东立面 East facade after renovation ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
The corridor connecting Danhua Building and Boxue Building is an important traffic node in the school, which satisfies the efficient connection between the teaching buildings; but the simple curved sun roof that was originally built is not only leaking, but also dusty, largely diminishing the practicability and the appearance. Therefore, we changed the form of the original roof by re-arranging the drainage and adding sound insulation materials to the suspended ceiling for noise reduction; given the overall facade effect of the campus, the white perforated panel is attached to the outside, connecting the two teaching buildings with light “rhythm”.
▼改造后的连廊 Corridor after renovation ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
▼校园一隅，花团锦簇下的连廊与博学楼 A corner of the campus, the connecting corridor and Boxue Building surrounded by flowers. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
There are two main types of cement fiberboard applied to the project. One is the white fiberboard mimicking stone block texture, which is applied to the east and north facades; and the other is the red fiberboard mimicking brick texture, which is applied to the south facade. In addition, we hide many air-conditioning pipelines and downspouts originally exposed outside in the spaces required for fiberboard keel structure installation. Such material is with the appearance similar to traditional masonry materials (stone or face tile) but is lighter in weight.
▼多材料在北立面上的融洽结合 Harmonious combination of multiple materials on the north facade. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
In different areas of the Boxue Building, four different kinds of perforated aluminum panels with different perforation shapes, colors and aperture ratio are used in response to the different purposes of the teaching building. Specifically, the white perforated aluminum panel is installed over the connecting corridor; dark gray perforated aluminum panel with aperture ratio of 55% is adopted for air conditioner exterior unit and window sides to block the external air conditioner unit while not affecting its operation; the south facade is covered with square brick-red perforated aluminum panel to fit the unified red brick effect of the entire south facade to the greatest extent, in addition, the square orifice white perforated aluminum panel is also installed to render a more vivid and diversified facade.
▼多材料在南立面表现红砖的肌理 Multi-materials expressing the red-brick texture on the south facade. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
The most part of facade of Boxue Building are covered with traditional face tiles, but we strive to change the tiling method by using a combination of tiles in two colors and three different tiling methods to reverse the old-fashioned and monotonous feelings of facade covered with brick-textured tiles, vaguely enhancing the rhythm of the facade in a horizontal direction.
▼两种颜色，三种贴法让立面增添线条感 Lines of facade are highlighted with face tiles in two colors and with three different tiling methods. ©HDD
▼即使只有红砖，山墙面也并不单调 The facade is not monotonous if there are only red bricks. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
What we solve is not only the appeal of “good-looking”, but also about the study and life of children and faculty members; therefore, improving the indoor light environment, increasing the penetration of landscape, and enriching the spatial form and continuity are deemed as the most important subjects in design.
▼在原本的教学楼2、3和5层增加飘窗 在入口处增设双层柱廊，让视线更加开阔，空间更加丰富 Bay windows are added on the second, third and fifth floors of the original teaching building. A double-layer colonnade is built at the entrance to broaden the line of sight and highlight the spatial area. ©HDD
Considering that there was only a simple glass canopy at the entrance of the original teaching building, lacking sense of ceremony with toneless spatial form, therefore, a double-layer colonnade is built. On the first floor of the colonnade, there are two areas for public activities. A free activity platform is set up on the second floor because we want to open a space for students to sit and talk joyfully while introducing more landscapes into the teaching building.
▼柱廊一层公共活动空间，将景观渗透进柱廊 The public activity space on the first floor of the colonnade integrates landscapes into the colonnade area. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
▼柱廊二层活动平台，与笃志楼二层平台，中心下沉花园视线相通，空间延续 The platform on the second floor of the colonnade is visually interconnected with the second-floor platform of Duzhi Building and the central sunken garden, further extending the space. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
The old corridor was dim and shadowy which separated the teaching building from the beautiful campus. By adding bay windows, changing the window opening method and the size of window viewing glass, the window frame is truly transformed into a photo frame and the campus view is transformed into a scenic spot; When strolling in the teaching building, the enlarged window glass allows more gleams of warm sunshine to scatter into the teaching building, so as to relieve the academic pressure on students.
▼西立面材料与构造及室内通透的视觉感受 The material and structure of west facade and the interior transparent visual perception. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
在设计的过程中，我们保留了原教学楼的结构体系的同时，增设飘窗，改善了原走廊单调的线性空间，增大了学生与教职人员驻足交流的可能；铝合金开启扇加大取景窗的组合，让更多校园美景伴随阳光映入教学楼之中。而历史悠久的水磨石地砖也在施工过程中也得以最大程度地保留和保护，以诉说属于博学楼的历史和辉煌。 In the design process, while retaining the structural system of the original teaching building, we added bay windows to improve the monotonous linear space of the original corridor and increase the possibility of students and faculty members communicating with each other; the combination of aluminum alloy windows frame with enlarged viewing window contributes to more campus views and warm sunshine into the building. The long-standing terrazzo floor tiles were also preserved and protected to the greatest extent during construction to tell people the past and glories of the building.
▼大取景窗+铝合金开启扇；校园美景一览无余 Enlarged viewing window + aluminum alloy window frame take in the beauty of campus in a glance. ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
Education system, regulatory constraints, structural system and budget control are the prerequisites contributing to the transformation of the facade of Boxue Building. Through in-depth interpretation and research, we have also worked hard to transform these constraints into the power of the building itself, passing more attention, the spirit of inheritance and pioneering, and the vitality of communication and joy to the municipal key senior high school. We hope that through our design and the joint efforts of all parties, the memories left by the campus to students are not only the diligent study experience and strict requirements on discipline, but also the laughter under the colonnade and the shifting sunshine in the teaching building.
▼夕阳下的教学楼 Teaching buildings in the sunset ©Luca Forteleoni（HDD）
项目名称：复旦大学附属中学博学楼外立面改造设计服务项目 业主：复旦大学附属中学 建设地点: 杨浦区国权路383号复旦大学附属中学校园内博学楼 建筑设计：上海华都建筑规划设计有限公司（HDD） 项目负责人：董巍巍 建筑设计团队：沈毅，董巍巍，杨涛，王世杰，吴颖，陈凡，朱莹，李峰 结构设计团队：袁志立，岳锋 给排水设计团队：吴文雯，潘琴 电气设计团队：魏泉，韩克军，熊棠 室内设计团队：葛卿，刘思涵，王艺伽 景观设计团队：费屹东 项目管理团队：杨庆琳，庄琴 总建筑面积：6653㎡ 项目状态：已完工 设计时间：2020年3月-6月 建成时间：2020年12月 摄影：Luca Forteleoni（HDD） 文字：王世杰（HDD）
Project information and project team: Project Name: Design Service Project for Transformation of the Facade of Boxue Building in High School Affiliated to Fudan University Owner: High School Affiliated to Fudan University Construction Site: Boxue Building on the campus of High School Affiliated to Fudan University, No. 383 Guoquan Road, Yangpu District Architectural Design: Shanghai Huadu Architecture & Urban Design Co., Ltd. (HDD) Project Leader: DONG Weiwei Architectural Design Team: SHEN Yi, DONG Weiwei, YANG Tao, WANG Shijie, WU Ying, CHEN Fan, ZHU Ying, LI Feng Structural Design Team: YUAN Zhili, YUE Feng Water Supply and Drainage Design Team: WU Wenwen, PAN Qin Electrical Design Team: WEI Quan, HAN Kejun, XIONG Tang Interior Design Team: GE Qing, LIU Sihan, WANG Yijia Landscape Design Team: FEI Yidong Project Management Team: YANG Qinglin, ZHUANG Qin Total Building Area: 6653㎡ Project Status: Completed Design Time: March 2020 to June 2020 Completion Time: December 2020 Photography/Image copyright: Luca Forteleoni (HDD) Written by: WANG Shijie (HDD)